Wax emulsions and dispersions are created substances made of fine and stabilized wax particles, it is homogeneously disseminated in water. When they are in a liquid form, they are easily blended into coatings and inks formulations by simple mixing. Wax emulsion can maintain stability by either a steric mechanism, which is non-ionic emulsifiers or electrostatic mechanism, which is ionic emulsifiers. Combination of ionic and non-ionic supplies an emulsion the optimum stability because wax particles are protected through both stabilization mechanisms. Moreover, not only every stabilization mechanism has its own advantages and limitations, it’s also remarkably effects the overall formulation giving added flexibility in formulating. For a good wax emulsion product, you can head over to their website, https://www.3dresources.com.my/home .
There are two ways how the mechanism of action on wax emulsion works. The first way is called The Blooming Mechanism. It is when you can see a molten wax particles on the surface. The coating cools and re-crystallization of wax particles takes place, changing into a thin but continuous wax-enriched every layer. If the softer the wax or the lower the melting point, the more prime the blooming mechanism becomes. The wax emulsion compatibility and other formulation components determines the wax migration rate. Another way is The Ball Bearing Mechanism. Usually in this case, the wax particles roam individually or stand out above the surface. By appearing of the surface like a floating ping pong ball on a pool of water, the wax particles act as a physical spacer or in another word, prevent another surface from coming into close contact. Hard and high melting point waxes, work using this mechanism under certain conditions. Once it is on the surface, the coating of wax particles has the power to change the Coefficient of Friction (CoF) of the substrate, passing the wanted characteristics. This explains why waxes are often classified as “Surface Conditioner Additives”.
Moving on to the one of the benefits of wax emulsion, waxes are usually additives that materially effect the surface properties of any coatings by changing the surface free energy. The properties that get the impact are such as anti-blocking. Anti-blocking is defined as a non-stick condition between two surfaces or the resistance to adhesion between two surfaces under the influence of temperature, relative humidity or pressure. Wax emulsions as anti-blocking agents are usually liquidated broadly on items that are coated, dried and immediately arranged, rolled up for storage or shipment. Another properties is slip and mobility. Slip properties illustrate the ability of two surfaces to move along over each other without causing any mechanical damage. Good slip properties need that the slip additive concentrate that the surface during and right away after application and curing. Next impact of wax is on abrasion resistance, it is built by the mixture of basic characteristics such as elasticity, hardness, strength, toughness and in some cases thickness. It has also been confirmed that a trend is same to that of slip additives exists between the wax hardness that capability of the wax to get rid of the rubbing damage. But wax emulsions are used in a wide range of applications such as architectural coatings and floor polishes, paper film and foil coatings, inks, OPV’s and primers, and metal coatings. These benefits can be found in 3D Resources’ products, if you are interested, you can immediately go and check their website.